People with celiac disease or gluten intolerance are very sensitive to gluten, hence stringent quality guidelines have been created globally for the maximum gluten permitted in food products that are to be labelled as gluten free. Twenty ppm (parts per million) of gluten is the limit allowed in foods. If you have celiac disease or are gluten intolerant, even a little amount of gluten may destroy the villi in your intestines, leading to a host of other health problems.
The Elements And Gluten
Wheat, barley, and rye (but not mustard seed) contain a protein called gluten, which plays a determining role. The best ingredients to utilise when creating gluten-free foods are the naturally occurring grains, millets, and legumes that do not contain gluten. By combining these grains, a broad range of flour mixes may be created that can stand in for gluten in conventional cuisine. Chapatti, tortillas, cake, biscuits, bread, dosa, pancakes, and so forth may all be made with these flour mixtures, as can a vast range of other baked goods.
Every product claiming to be gluten-free must be gluten-free in the first place. At first appearance, this may seem like a straightforward undertaking; nevertheless, gluten may exist covertly and under a huge number of different names, necessitating a heightened degree of prudence and monitoring on the part of the creator of gluten-free goods. Choosing the gluten test kit is essential here.
In the farm market (mandi), gluten-free grains, millets, and legumes are prone to get contaminated with wheat and barley. For example, during production, a large portion of the gluten-free natural grains, millets, and legumes used in the end product must first be milled. It is the agricultural industry that poses the greatest threat. Processing of natural grains, millets, and legumes that are devoid of gluten.
Supply and Demand in the Global Grain Industry
Several cereal grains and pulses are gathered at the same time, including wheat, sorghum, and Bengal gramme. While several crops are harvested at the same time, this fact isn’t taken into account when deciding how to store these goods on the open market. Farmers and market authorities alike are unaware of the critical importance of this factor and the severity of the problems that result from cross-contamination. In this case, the maker is the one who must clean and sort the relevant crops. If the amount of gluten present exceeds the threshold set by the standards, any slip-ups or sloppiness at this stage will damage the image of gluten-free manufacturers.
The Use of the Grains
Having the grains properly sorted and filtered is the best way to guarantee that the standards are always fulfilled. The segregation process must be repeated as many times as possible, either manually or with the help of machines, or until the machines are no longer able to effectively separate the material. Quality control will be enhanced if contract farming can be conducted directly with farmers in areas where separate dehusking facilities can be built. Since shipments would travel straight to the factory, contamination of the final product will be avoided.
The Other Options
The second most common cause of contamination is the use of additives that provide the appearance of being gluten-free but may actually contain gluten. Starches, thickeners, emulsifiers, humectants, and flavour enhancers all fall under this category, and it’s important to know where they come from before using them.