Many women of reproductive age experience the hormonal ailment known as PCOD (polycystic ovarian disorder). High levels of the male hormone androgen and irregular or protracted menstrual periods are two symptoms of PCOS/PCOD in women. The ovaries may create many tiny fluid-filled sacs (follicles) but not reliably release eggs.

The exact cause of PCOD is unknown. Long-term issues like type 2 diabetes and heart disease can be prevented with early detection, treatment, and weight loss.

PCOD can show up in many different ways. You have PCOD if you experience at least two of the symptoms below.

  • Menstrual irregular, prolonged, or infrequent periods are the most prevalent sign of PCOS. For instance, you might experience exceptionally heavy periods, an interval of more than 35 days, or less than nine periods per year.
  • Excess androgen: Symptoms of elevated amounts of male hormones can include excessive body and facial hair (hirsutism), severe acne, and male-pattern baldness.
  • Your ovaries may be bigger and have follicles around the eggs if you have polycystic ovarian cysts. The ovaries may consequently stop functioning normally.


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Women with PCOD develop cysts in their ovaries because their bodies overproduce testosterone, which causes a hormonal imbalance.

The numerous little cysts in the ovaries get enlarged with fluid due to PCOD. Each carries an egg still growing and does not necessarily lead to ovulation. When ovulation is absent, a metabolic imbalance with a sizable influx of male hormones emerges. PCOD problems have several causes, though research is still needed to pinpoint their exact causes. Some are

  • Being a biological tendency
  • fighting off diabetes
  • being overweight
  • having elevated inflammatory markers
  • using more insulin
  • androgen production;

Symptoms of PCOS

Knowing the warning signs and symptoms will help you identify whether you are suffering from this condition. Depression is this condition’s most hazardous symptom, PCOD. Additional typical signs include:

  • Pimples or swelling.
  • Weight increase or excessive loss.
  • Thicker and darker hair on different body regions.
  • Irregular periods start at nine and above.
  • Fertility problems at younger ages.

The core of the PCOD issue is the female reproductive system, and you must thus properly address this problem.

PCOD is not currently accepted as a treatable illness. However, PCOD can be recognized with blood testing and ultrasonography. Most PCOD patients are urged to lose weight to counteract its symptoms.

Most PCOD patients are advised to lose weight to lessen the condition’s symptoms; regular exercise and a healthy diet can also help.

Additional PCOD therapies include hormone replacement therapy and birth control tablets. Although there are several lifestyle recommendations for those with PCOD, you are strongly advised to stick to a low-fat, high-carb diet.

With the assistance of your lady doctor and a few lifestyle adjustments, you may manage this condition and come out on the other side significantly healthier and happier.